IN and ON… What’s the difference?

“In” is basically within, inside a container or box, maybe an enclosed space but not necessarily.

“On” is related to surfaces.

You can use “in” or “on” in the same sentence, but the meaning would change.

The Rules for The Prepositions “In” and “On”

“In” is used with months, seasons, years, towns, countries, cities, and other items where we can imagine an enclosed area.

“On” is used with days, dates and where we can imagine a surface area.

We use both “in” and “on” in many idioms and phrasal verbs. I will include some bonus idioms at the end of this lesson, but keep in mind there are many of them!

Now let’s take a look at some examples.

Appearance

Like most people, I have 2 eyes, 1 nose and 1 mouth on my face.

I never want to get a tattoo on my face, but I do have 1 tattoo on my body.

I have hair on my head, and curls in my hair.

My shirt has a nice pattern on it.

I’m wearing earrings in my ears.

Should I get a piercing in my nose?

Time & Dates

On time – agreed upon meeting time, for work, to catch a train, etc.

In time – surprise, you’re late, but just in time to catch the ending!

On the hour means exactly at the hour like 9am, but otherwise we use at for specific times, that’s another lesson!

Duration = in… in a few minutes, we’ll practice all this with a quiz.

Dates

My birthday is on Feb 24th. That’s in February. Wouldn’t you like to know in which year?

Remember “in” a month (without date), because there are many dates within a month.

Transport

In the car, in taxi, in the van but

on the train, on the plane, on the bus

Work

I have hundreds of emails in my inbox.

I am working on a special project.

Let’s meet in the meeting room.

Locations & Topics

In a house, in a room but on the floor, on the roof, on the wall.

I don’t have anything on my wall!

Do you want to live in the United States?

Do you want to live in Miami?

I live on Main Street.

The kids are playing in the street.

I’m gave a presentation at YouTube in Los Angeles in November, on November 4th to be exact, on how to create a course related to an educational youtube channel.

Speaking of courses,… would you like to know how to become my student? I have a lot of you asking me! I open my course up a few times a year only so if you’d like more information on hwo to work with me, come to https://gonaturalenglish.com/registration

BonusSome common phrases using “in” and “on

Watch the video or listen to the podcast to hear all the definitions and examples with how to use each one!

In a bad way

In a pinch

In a nutshell

In a sense

In a state

In a New York minute

In detail

In general

In my head

On my mind

On average

On the other hand

On your mark

On your terms

On your toes

On your own

On your side

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